Category Babies

Language delay
Babies

Language delay

What is a language delay? A language delay is when children have speaking and understanding difficulties that are unusual for their age. These might be difficulties with: saying first words or learning words putting words together to make sentences building vocabulary understanding words or sentences.

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Babies

Second-hand smoke and third-hand smoke: effects on children

Second-hand smoke: what is it? Second-hand smoke is made up of: 'mainstream' smoke, which the smoker breathes out 'sidestream' smoke, which drifts from the end of a burning cigarette. Children most commonly come into contact with second-hand smoke when their parents, family and family friends smoke. Breathing in second-hand smoke is sometimes known as passive smoking .
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Babies

New family routines: when, why and how to make them

When do you need a new daily routine? If you feel your family doesn't spend enough time together having fun, a new routine might help. You could introduce family days, game nights, reading a book together or doing regular exercise. If you have too much to do and not enough time , a new routine for demanding, hectic and stressful times of the day can help.
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Babies

Dental care for babies

Baby teeth development Baby teeth develop while babies are still in the womb. Newborns have a full set of 20 baby teeth hidden in their gums. For most babies, teeth begin to appear between 6 and 10 months. In some children, teeth appear as early as three months. In others, they don't arrive until around 12 months.
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Babies

Baby genitals: care and cleaning

Genital hygiene for babies It's important to keep your baby's genitals clean. This will help prevent infections and keep your baby healthy. To clean your baby's genitals, you can use warm water and a cotton ball. You don't need to use soap. If you do use soap, choose a mild one with a built-in moisturiser, and use only a small amount.
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Babies

Cleaning baby eyes, nose and ears

Cleaning baby's eyes, ears and nose: basics You can clean your baby's eyes, ears and nose when you're bathing him. Warm water is all you need. Avoid using soap because your baby's skin is sensitive, and soap can dry it out. Steps for cleaning baby's face Here are the basic steps for cleaning baby eyes, baby ears and baby noses: Get some cotton balls.
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Babies

Baby bath time

Baby bath time: how often? A bath 2-3 times a week is enough to keep your baby clean. But if your baby really likes baths, you can bath him once a day. Bathing more than this can dry out your baby's skin. You can keep your baby's genitals clean between baths by using warm water and cotton wool. About 5-10 minutes is long enough for a baby bath.
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Babies

Serious childhood illnesses: 0-3 years

Serious childhood illnesses: what to do Babies and young children with the signs and symptoms listed in this article are at risk of serious illnesses. If you notice any of the problems listed below, seek medical attention as soon as possible. You know your child best, so trust your instincts if your child doesn't seem well.
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Babies

Language development in children: 0-8 years

Language development in children: what you need to know Language development is a critical part of your child's overall development. It supports your child's ability to communicate, and express and understand feelings. It also supports thinking and problem-solving, and developing and maintaining relationships.
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Babies

Family travel checklist: planning and packing

Family travel checklist: what to pack What you need when you're travelling with children depends on how old your children are and where you're going. It helps to be prepared. For older children , it can be good to pack: wipes plastic bags - handy for rubbish or vomit spare clothes, in case of spills, accidents or delays hand sanitiser water in refillable drink bottles healthy snacks books, toys and games - ask your child to help you choose medication if your child needs it a first aid kit.
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Babies

Managing a short hospital stay: children and teenagers

Your child's hospital stay: communicating with health professionals When your child is in hospital, you'll probably talk with lots of doctors, nurses and other health professionals. It's OK to ask questions if you don't understand something they say or you need more information. Sometimes it can be hard to remember information from a conversation with a health professional.
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Babies

Tooth decay

What is tooth decay? Tooth decay is a diet-related disease that damages teeth . Tooth decay happens when germs in the mouth create a sticky covering called plaque on the tooth surface. These germs feed on sugars in food and drinks and produce an acid that damages the tooth surface. Over time, this acid eats away at the surface of the tooth, creating holes or 'cavities'.
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Babies

Nappies: cloth nappies and disposable nappies

Cloth nappies Some parents like modern cloth nappies. Cloth nappies can have less of an environmental impact and cost less than disposables - especially if you use them with other children. There are several types of cloth nappies. Cloth or 'terry' squares These cloth nappies are made of fabric that absorbs liquid, usually terry or flannelette cotton, hemp, bamboo or a blend.
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Babies

Going to hospital: common concerns for children and teenagers

Going to hospital: concerns for babies, toddlers and preschoolers Going to hospital is a challenging experience for young children. Common concerns for babies, toddlers and preschoolers include: being separated from you and other family members meeting and being physically handled by strangers not understanding what's happening - for example, being given an injection changing normal feeding and sleeping routines worrying about scary or strange things that might happen to them in hospital - preschoolers have amazing imaginations!
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Babies

Developing early numeracy skills

About numeracy and maths skills Numeracy is the ability to apply maths concepts in all areas of life . Numeracy skills involve understanding numbers, counting, solving number problems, measuring, sorting, noticing patterns, adding and subtracting numbers and so on. We all need numeracy and maths skills to do everyday things like: solve problems - for example, which brand and size of tinned beans is the cheapest?
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Babies

How to hold and handle your newborn: in pictures

Download printable version Languages other than English Arabic (PDF: 350kb) Dari (PDF: 346kb) Dinka (PDF: 348kb) Hakha Chin (PDF: 271kb) Karen (PDF: 354kb) Persian (PDF: 345kb) Simplified Chinese (PDF: 349kb) Swahili (PDF: 306kb) Tamil (PDF: 423kb) Vietnamese (PDF: 311kb)
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Babies

Planning holidays with kids

Planning family holidays with kids Whether you're hanging out in one spot or heading off to explore, holidays with kids are about planning for short attention spans and short travel times . Here are some top tips: Plan more breaks and fewer activities than you would if you were travelling on your own or with adults.
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Babies

Learning in the baby to preschool years

About learning in the early years Babies are born ready to learn, and their brains develop through use. So your child needs a stimulating environment with lots of different ways to play and learn. He also needs plenty of chances to practise what he's learning. Babies and young children learn best when they have warm, engaged and responsive relationships with their main carers.
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Babies

Hygiene and daily care for babies

Languages other than English Arabic (PDF: 731kb) Dari (PDF: 728kb) Dinka (PDF: 732kb) Hakha Chin (PDF: 296kb) Karen (PDF: 716kb) Persian (PDF: 729kb) Simplified Chinese (PDF: 752kb) Swahili (PDF: 705kb) Tamil (PDF: 788kb) Vietnamese (PDF: 709kb) Download printable version
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Babies

Let's Read

Helping you read with your child Reading with your child is one of the most important things you can do to develop your child's ability to read, write and build skills for starting school. Let's Read supports you in reading aloud with your child. It helps you and your child develop a love of books, share rhymes, stories and songs, and spend special time together.
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Babies

Literacy activities for children

About literacy activities Talking, singing, playing sound and word games, reading, writing and drawing with your child are great ways to set up a good literacy foundation. The great news is that everyday activities , like going to the local shops or library, all offer lots of fun opportunities for literacy development.
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